Baby Adoption

Baby Adoption Laws in Australia

Adopting a child means transferring all the legal parenting rights and responsibilities from the child’s birth parents or anyone with parental responsibility to the adoptive parents. It is a permanent legal arrangement that cuts the child’s legal ties with their birth family, meaning that birth parents no longer have legal rights over the child and can’t claim back the child. The adopted child takes up their adoptive parents surname and have the same rights and privileges as if born to them including the right of inheritance.

The Australian states and territories are responsible for adoption legislation resulting in eight different systems across the country.

Authority to Arrange Adoptions

In all states and territories, the authority to arrange adoptions except adoption by relatives is restricted to the director of the government department or division responsible for a child or social welfare or by the approved private agencies. Any private arrangements for adoption except through an approved agency are illegal and criminal charges may apply.

Open Adoption Act

Australia practices open adoption for both domestic and international adoptions according to the Adoption Act of 1984 where adopted children grow up with an understanding that they have been adopted and where possible are supported to have a relationship with or knowledge of their original family and cultural heritage.

However, adopting a child in Australia is a complicated process and adoption legislation is different in each jurisdiction which can be very messy and overwhelming but do not worry, we are here to help. We will provide you all the information needed.

Steps for Adoption

If you want to adopt a child, the first step is to research which type of adoption is possible in your state or territory and decide which is right for your family whether it is domestic adoption, intercountry adoption or a permanent care or guardianship of a child. Once you have decided the type of adoption, the next step is to apply for it and can be done through the Department for Child Protection or approved private agencies. As you know that each state and territory has different rules and regulations, but the basic steps are the same including:

  • Contacting the relevant state department or accredited agency.
  • Attending an information session.
  • Undertaking assessment and training.
  • Waiting for the match.
  • Post-adoptive or placement support.

The Inheritance Law

The inheritance law states that every adopted child has legal rights over the property of their adoptive parents and not biological parents. For example, the adopted child has full rights of property conveyancing of his or her adoptive parents and for this, a property conveyancer will be required to ensure that the legal responsibilities and obligations are followed.

The inheritance law is also applicable for property development in Melbourne, meaning that if the adoptive parents have any property being developed, the adopted child has full legal rights over it as well.

So, these are some of the laws for adoption in Australia.

Food Allergies in Babies

Most Common Food Allergies in Babies

A food allergy is an overreaction of the body to certain foods. Food allergies are common in babies and children and up to 8% under three years are estimated to have it. However, the food allergies in children are caused by just 6 common foods or food groups. Read on to understand.

  • Cow’s Milk

Allergy to cow milk is among the most common hypersensitivity probably it is the first foreign protein that many infants ingest. Sometimes even breastfeed infants have allergy until milk and dairy foods are completely eliminated from the mother’s diet. The most common side effect of this is vomiting but more severe reactions can occur such as dry rash, eczema, breathing problems and hives. Many children outgrow milk allergy as their immune system mature.

  • Eggs

Allergy to eggs is primarily to the protein present in it. However, as egg yolk can be contaminated with egg white it is safe for allergic children to avoid egg all together. If your child is allergic to eggs, watch out for hidden egg ingredients in foods, read the labels carefully before you buy any food. Some vaccines also contain egg proteins, so before administering them talk to your paediatrician.

  • Peanuts and Tree Nuts

Many children have allergy to peanuts but they can eat walnuts, pecans and other tree nuts. However, caution needs to be taken as children sensitive to peanuts are more likely for unknown reason have a separate tree nut allergy. The allergy can be identified with runny nose, skin rashes, redness, swelling, diarrhoea, stomach cramps, tightening of throat, shortness of breath and wheezing.

  • Soy

Many children are allergic to soy like that to the cow’s milk. The allergic reaction is rash, runny nose, wheezing, diarrhoea or vomiting. When changing to soy formula some infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are found to be allergic to soy as well. If this is the case, then talk to your paediatrician who can recommend a low allergic formula.

So these are the most common food allergens in infants and children and the 6th one is wheat and gluten which is not very common.