A food allergy is an overreaction of the body to certain foods. Food allergies are common in babies and children and up to 8% under three years are estimated to have it. However, the food allergies in children are caused by just 6 common foods or food groups. Read on to understand.
- Cow’s Milk
Allergy to cow milk is among the most common hypersensitivity probably it is the first foreign protein that many infants ingest. Sometimes even breastfeed infants have allergy until milk and dairy foods are completely eliminated from the mother’s diet. The most common side effect of this is vomiting but more severe reactions can occur such as dry rash, eczema, breathing problems and hives. Many children outgrow milk allergy as their immune system mature.
Allergy to eggs is primarily to the protein present in it. However, as egg yolk can be contaminated with egg white it is safe for allergic children to avoid egg all together. If your child is allergic to eggs, watch out for hidden egg ingredients in foods, read the labels carefully before you buy any food. Some vaccines also contain egg proteins, so before administering them talk to your paediatrician.
- Peanuts and Tree Nuts
Many children have allergy to peanuts but they can eat walnuts, pecans and other tree nuts. However, caution needs to be taken as children sensitive to peanuts are more likely for unknown reason have a separate tree nut allergy. The allergy can be identified with runny nose, skin rashes, redness, swelling, diarrhoea, stomach cramps, tightening of throat, shortness of breath and wheezing.
Many children are allergic to soy like that to the cow’s milk. The allergic reaction is rash, runny nose, wheezing, diarrhoea or vomiting. When changing to soy formula some infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are found to be allergic to soy as well. If this is the case, then talk to your paediatrician who can recommend a low allergic formula.
So these are the most common food allergens in infants and children and the 6th one is wheat and gluten which is not very common.